In Romans 2:17-29, the apostle Paul (himself a Jew) distinguishes between those who are merely Jews outwardly and those who are truly Jews inwardly. In verses 17-27, Paul gives four characteristics that do not define true Jewishness in the eyes of God. They are:
A. Real Jews are not those who are merely called Jews, v. 17.
B. Real Jews are not those who are merely cognitive of God’s will, v. 18.
C. Real Jews are not those who are merely confident of their position, v. 19.
D. Real Jews are not those who are merely circumcised in the flesh, vv. 25-27.
In the final two verses of chapter two, Paul gives four characteristics that do indicate that an individual is a true Jew in the eyes of God. They are:
A. Not outward and visible circumcision, but inward and invisible.
B. Not circumcised in the flesh, but in the heart.
C. Not produced by the law, but by the Spirit.
D. Not approved by man, but by God.
In the courtroom of God the question is asked, “Will the real Jews please stand?” And there is only one who is worthy the Lion of the tribe of Judah and when we turn and see Him we will see a bleeding Lamb, the Son of God, standing at the throne of God! Only He is worthy to stand, because only He obeyed God always, without hypocrisy.
He is the true seed of Abraham, the true Israel, the only real Jew who has ever lived. He is the one through whom all the nations of the earth have been blessed.
And every redeemed human being will fall on their face and sing a new song,
Worthy are you . . . for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation, and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth. Revelation 5:9-10
Then we too along with all Jewish and Gentile believers throughout all history will stand along with our redeemer who has given us the Holy Spirit to apply his work of redemption to our hearts so that we too now have circumcised hearts and we always obey God without hypocrisy. Because we are now real Jews because of the work of Christ through the Spirit.